NEW DELHI: Nearly 160 tonne of biomedical waste in the form of gloves, face masks and empty sanitiser bottles used by polling personnel and voters was generated during the Bihar assembly polls held amid the COVID-19 pandemic, poll authorities in the state have said.
The poll authorities also relied on an inexpensive but effective technology used to track EVMs to ensure that the waste reached public health centres for its onward journey to the incinerator.
To ensure safety of voters, polling staff and security personnel in the first-ever polls held amid the pandemic, the Election Commission had procured 18 lakh face shields, 70 lakh face masks, 5.4 lakh single use rubber gloves for polling and security personnel and 7.21 crore 'one hand' single use polythene gloves for voters to press the EVM button and sign the register at the polling stations.
It had also bought a total of 29 lakh hand sanitiser bottles of 100 and 500 ml.
As per the guidelines issued by the Election Commission and poll authorities in Bihar, the polling stations were sanitised a day before election and three times on the day of the election.
The office of the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar had sought the help of the state health department to decide on "COVID safety material" for the three phase elections.
The safety material which included face masks, face shields, gloves and personal sanitiser bottles were put in a bag meant for a polling party of six persons.
"They were trained for disposal of the safety material also. It could be littered anywhere," Bihar Chief Electoral Officer H R Srinivas told PTI.
He said roughly, 160 tonne of biomedical waste was generated.
All districts have its biomedical waste (BMW) disposal agency.
"The challenge was the agency would lift BMW from health centres, hospitals but not lift from polling stations. The districts then appointed BMW workers," Srinivas said.
On polling day, the workers would place two yellow-coloured dustbins per polling station for disposal of used masks, gloves and sanitiser bottles.
A team with a vehicle and BMW workers was tagged with 10 to 15 polling stations.
After the polling was concluded, the team would pick up the dustbins from the polling stations and bring it to the public health centre it was tagged to.
From the PHC, the waste was taken for incineration in polythene bags.
Responding to a question on how the vehicles with biomedical waste was tracked given the health hazard involved, Srinivas said at such a notice it was not possible to get each vehicle fitted with a GPS device.
It is extremely costly and is of little use after the elections, he said.
Electronic voting machines have to be tracked when they are transported.
For that purpose, poll authorities use "Election Tracking Enabled System" or Ele-Traces, an application developed by NIC.
"There is zero expenditure involved. It is a beautiful app...Two people (per vehicle) were asked to download the app and they were tracked," the Bihar CEO explained.