The afternoon explosion went off inside the mosque of the Interior Ministry, which is responsible for security and law enforcement in the country.
At least two civilians, including a Sikh man and a Muslim security guard, died after an attack by ISKP in Afghanistan's Kabul city on June 18.
Islamic State Khorasan Province claimed that about 50 Hindu Sikhs and Taliban members were killed in the attack and the attack was conducted as revenge for the insult of Prophet Mohammed.
"We are deeply concerned at the reports emanating from Kabul about an attack on a sacred Gurudwara in that city," External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said.
Gunmen attacked the Sikh house of worship in Kabul and a gunbattle between the attackers and Taliban fighters ensued in which a member of the Taliban security force too was killed.
The French and German embassies were damaged by the massive bomb that ripped through Kabul's strongly fortified diplomatic quarter.
A huge plume of smoke could be seen rising from the area but it was not clear what the target was and there was no immediate confirmation of any casualties.