Scientists say climate change is making weather more extreme and wildfires more frequent and destructive.
Authorities describe the blaze in Sierra Bermeja, a mountain range in the Malaga province, as a sixth-generation fire of the extreme kind brought by the shifting climate on the planet.
Thousands of people have been forced to flee the flames, which have devoured forests, agricultural land, homes and businesses.
The drought-parched region was expected to see red flag warnings for dangerously high winds and hot, dry weather through Thursday.
Clouds of smoke obscured the sun, which cast an otherworldly, orange light over the capital.
More than 7,000 people evacuated from homes and campgrounds have slept in temporary shelters, according to the prefecture.
The prolonged dry spell coupled with a sudden rise in temperature in February triggered unprecedented forest fires in Odisha as well as other Central and Eastern states.
Around 350 people already boarded the ferry, the coast guard said, while towering flames cut off possible escape routes on roads.
Crews were still tacking seven fires in the coastal provinces of Antalya and Mugla that are popular tourist areas, and in Tunceli, southeast Turkey.
While Turkish authorities investigate if the fires were started by an act of "sabotage" by outlawed Kurdish militants, experts are mostly pointing to increases in temperatures along with accidents.
Over the weekend, the massive Dixie Fire roared through the remote Northern California community of Indian Falls.
France and Greece dispatched aircraft to help put out wildfires, which have consumed around 20,000 hectares (nearly 50,000 acres) in the province of Oristano.
The growth of the sprawling fire had slowed but thousands of homes remained threatened on its eastern side, authorities said.
California and other parts of the West are sinking deeper into drought and that has sent fire danger sky high in many areas.