France beats EU deficit, growth targets in win for President Macron

France on Monday reported a budget deficit equivalent to 2.6 percent of the economy in 2017, below the EU limit of 3.0 percent for the first time in a decade.

Published: 26th March 2018 02:03 PM  |   Last Updated: 26th March 2018 02:03 PM   |  A+A-

French President Emmanuel Macron | AP


PARIS: France on Monday reported a budget deficit equivalent to 2.6 percent of the economy in 2017, below the EU limit of 3.0 percent for the first time in a decade.

The INSEE national statistics agency also reported 2.0 percent growth in 2017, France's highest in six years.

The deficit figure, which beat expectations of 2.9 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), is a fresh sign the eurozone's second-biggest economy is experiencing a rebound under President Emmanuel Macron.

In 2016, the deficit stood at 3.4 percent of GDP. 

The 2017 figure was the first to come below the European limit since 2007 -- the year the global financial crisis erupted.

France, long a laggard in Europe, has come under strong pressure to do more to reduce its budget deficit and debt, which are still among the highest in the eurozone.

The decline in the deficit does not mean a reduction France's public debt as the government is still borrowing more than it repays, INSEE said in a statement.

Public debt stood at 2.2 trillion euros, or 97 percent of GDP, at the end of 2017.

Still, France's return below the EU deficit limit is good news for Macron's government, which had made it a goal to reduce the deficit below 3.0 percent.

"We have honoured our engagements," Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire told France Info radio, as he welcomed the "good news". 

"It is proof that the strategy laid out by the president of the Republic on reducing public spending, realigning our public accounts and growth is the right one," he said.

- Growth picks up -
France and Spain are the only eurozone countries to remain under the EU's "excessive deficit procedure".

To be given the all clear, France must register a deficit-to-GDP ratio below 3.0 percent for another year.

Macron's government has forecast a 2.9 percent deficit for 2018, but thanks to the strong growth, that goal may now be revised downwards.

The economy expanded by 2.0 percent in 2017, representing a marked pick-up from 2016, when GDP grew by 1.1 percent.

France performed particularly well in the fourth quarter of last year, when GDP expanded by 0.7 percent.

Earlier estimates had placed growth for the last three months of 2017 at 0.6 percent.

According to INSEE, France achieved accelerated growth thanks to growing investments, even as consumer purchasing power slowed.

Overall, growth was still well below the 2.5 percent rate that the eurozone reached in 2017, for the first time since the financial crisis implosion. 


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp