Pakistan's total debt surges to Rs 12 trillion in first quarter

The country's debt rose 24.7 per cent to Rs 59.37 trillion, while total liabilities increased 23 per cent to Rs 3.56 trillion.

Published: 18th November 2022 03:53 PM  |   Last Updated: 18th November 2022 03:53 PM   |  A+A-

Pakistani Rupees for representative purposes only. (Photo | ANI)

Pakistani Rupees for representative purposes only. (Photo | ANI)


ISLAMABAD:  Pakistan's total debt and liabilities spiked by Pakistani Rupees (Rs) 12 trillion or 23.7 per cent in the first quarter of the current fiscal year, the loan trance from the International Monetary Fund and the devaluation of the rupee pushed the numbers up significantly, The News International reported citing analysts.

In the fiscal year, 2022-2023, in July-September the debt and liabilities stood at Rs 62.46 trillion which is more than the same period of last fiscal year, accounting for Rs 50.49 trillion.

The country's debt rose 24.7 per cent to Rs 59.37 trillion, while total liabilities increased 23 per cent to Rs 3.56 trillion.

Fahad Rauf, head of research at Ismail Iqbal Securities said the increase in the debt was mainly by external sources. "Mostly the IMF [International Monetary Fund] loan tranche of USD 1.2 billion and the impact of the rupee depreciation on overall external debt."

The government's domestic debt increased by 18.7 per cent to Rs 31.40 trillion. The foreign debt stood at Rs 17.99 trillion in July-September FY2023, 30.2 per cent up from a year earlier, according to the figures from the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP), according to The News International.

Total external debt and liabilities jumped 33.4 per cent to Rs 28.94 trillion.

"Managing debt obligations is one of the biggest challenges facing the government," said Mustafa Mustansir, head of research at Taurus Securities.

ALSO READ | Pakistan to amend Army Act to have greater say over appointments: Defence Minister

However, there are concerns about the conclusion of the ninth review of the IMF's bailout package.

Although the date has not yet been set, the IMF staff mission is anticipated in Islamabad by the end of this month because the Fund needs Pakistan to make necessary modifications first.

The government is requesting some exceptions on performance criteria due to flood losses and the Fund's insistence on maintaining the agreed tax-to-GDP ratio of at least 11 per cent.

The delay in the IMF's review is making foreign investors more anxious, reported The News International.

Meanwhile, Pakistan's risk of default, measured through the five-year currency default swap (CDS) index, on Monday increased by 4.2 percentage points reaching a new high at 64.2 per cent.

The development indicates that Pakistan did not have the resources to make the growing import payments and foreign debt repayments in time, The Express Tribune reported.

Pakistan is due to repaying USD 1 billion against a five-year Sukuk (Shariah-compliant bond) which is scheduled to mature on December 5, 2022. According to Topline Research, the yield (rate of return) on the Sukuk increased by 964 basis points in a day to 69.96 per cent. The increase in the yield is hinting that investors were thinking that Pakistan might default on the $1 billion Sukuk.

ALSO READ | Delay in new army chief's appointment creates confusion in Pakistan

State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) Governor Jameel Ahmad has said that Pakistan had foreign exchange reserves of "over USD 9 billion, which are more than enough" for paying imports and repaying foreign debt.

The five-year CDS indicated a high risk of default after Pakistan announced that Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman had postponed his visit to Islamabad, as per reported by The News International.


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp