Diet crucial to manage thyroid: Experts

However, individuals undergoing treatment for hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone replacement medication should avoid it altogether, Dr Mahesh suggested.
Image used for representational purposes only.
Image used for representational purposes only.

BENGALURU: Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains -- the key components of a diet can have an impact on thyroid and the group of disorders that affect the thyroid gland. Such disorders cause an overproduction (hyperthyroidism) or underproduction (hypothyroidism) of thyroid hormones, which can disrupt various bodily functions.

Ahead of World Thyroid Day on May 25, experts emphasised the crucial role of diet in managing thyroid, saying that while some foods can improve the condition, others may worsen it and although diet alone cannot cure the disorders, it can help manage them.

Experts noted that nearly 42 million people in India are affected by thyroid disorders while about 8% of households in India consume salt with inadequate iodisation, leading to iodine deficiency disorders, goitre and hypothyroidism.

Dr Mahesh DM, Consultant, Endocrinology, Aster CMI Hospital, said the thyroid gland depends on certain nutrients such as iodine, selenium and zinc. Among these, iodine and selenium play direct roles in thyroid disorders such as goitre and hypothyroidism, whereas excess iodine may contribute to thyrotoxicosis, a clinical syndrome of excess circulating thyroid hormones, irrespective of the source.

To alleviate constipation, a frequent symptom of hypothyroidism, it is advisable to follow a diet rich in fibre, incorporating plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, along with healthy fats such as avocados, nuts and fatty fish, he said and recommended including iodised salt, lentils, red meat, seafood, nuts and eggs in the diet.

It is recommended to moderate the consumption of cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower due to their goitrogenic properties. However, individuals undergoing treatment for hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone replacement medication should avoid it altogether, Dr Mahesh suggested.

Dr Pramila Kalra, HOD and Consultant, Department of Endocrinology, Ramaiah Memorial Hospital, also highlighted the role of a balanced diet for pregnant women as it can have an impact on the developing baby’s brain health.

Related Stories

No stories found.

X
The New Indian Express
www.newindianexpress.com