Six of the Supreme Federal Tribunal's 11 judges have voted in favor of the measure.
With the swearing in of the four judges, the number of judges in the Supreme Court stands at 31, the full sanctioned strength of the top court.
The four names cleared by the government are justices Aniruddha Bose, A S Bopanna, B R Gavai and Surya Kant.
The court observed that the increase in the number would provide greater satisfaction to the electorate as well as the political parties.
The bench issued a notice to Khaitan and asked him to file his response to the government’s petition within six weeks.
While many of them go unnoticed, a few of them are exposed and they end up facing disciplinary action, the latest being Kukatpally Inspector B Janaiah.
A vacation bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra refused to entertain the plea filed by a Chennai-based organisation 'Tech for All'.
On May 16, the high court had restrained the I-T department from taking any action against VVIP chopper scam accused Gautam Khaitan.
The court agreed to hear the matter on Tuesday.
A bench of Justice Indira Banerjee and Justice Sanjiv Khanna asked Kumar to move before Secretary General for setting up a three-judge bench.
If the opinion of dissenting judges comes out in public, then why not EC's?, Yechury asked.
Alabama passed a law banning women from having an abortion even in cases of incest or rape and the Missouri legislature made illegal abortions from eight weeks of pregnancy.
The court was hearing a plea by some petitioners belonging to economically weaker sections and planning to appear in CTET 2019.
Campaigning in New Hampshire on Wednesday, the Democratic presidential candidate and California senator said she'd consider increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court.
The apex court's observation came after counsel for Sharma's brother mentioned the matter before it and said that despite the court's order on Tuesday the activist has not been released from jail.